A rainforest can be described as a tall, dense jungle. Rainforests are “forests” that experience high rainfall - between 66-390 inches per year - typically between 69-70 inches per year. Average temperature in the rainforest is 64°F. The climate is very hot and humid so the animals and plants that exist there must learn to adapt to this climate. Incredibly, as many as 30 million species of plants and animals live in rainforests. Many exotic and beautiful flowers grow in the rainforests at least two-thirds of the world's plant species. In our homes we typically use many items from the Rainforests.
Amazingly, 28% of the world’s oxygen turnover - this is sometimes misnamed oxygen production - processing through photosynthesis from carbon dioxide.
Several foods and many medicines are made from ingredients from the rainforest and are found only in these areas. In addition sap that is used to create rubber is from a Rainforest tree.
Some common products of the rainforests include: chocolate, sugar, cinnamon, rubber, medicines, ginger, bananas, beans, mangos, chewing gum, avocados, coconut, tea, oranges, rice, cashew nuts, corn, lemons, and pineapples.
A natural rainforest emits and absorbs vast amounts of carbon dioxide. Humans, mostly big businesses, are primarily responsible for deforestation which plays a significant role in causing rainforests to release carbon dioxide. Some climate models operating with interactive vegetation predict a large loss of Amazonian rainforest around 2050 due to drought, forest dieback and the subsequent release more carbon dioxide. Five million years from now, the Amazon rainforest may long since have dried and transformed itself into savannah, killing itself in the process. Changes like this may happen even if ALL human deforestation activity ceases overnight. The descendants of our known animals may or may not adjust and adapt to these changes as they occur.
Biologists have estimated that large numbers of species are being driven to extinction (E. O. WILSON of Harvard University says possibly more than 50,000 species a year; a quarter or more of all species on earth could be exterminated within 50 years) due to the removal of habitat with the massive destruction of the rainforests.
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